We are often asked: “Why, after registering the domain is not available right away? Why do I need to wait a few hours? After all, you say that the domain name registration takes only a few minutes, so what then caused such a long wait? “Around the same issues arise in the process of transferring the domain to our hosting:” And I, what can we expect? Domain is already registered in the address NS-servers I’ve changed. What’s the matter? “The legitimacy, and today we will try to understand in detail and to answer them.

To do this, let’s see how the procedure for registering a domain from the very beginning.

How does the “domain” kitchen?
Domain ownership technically and legally regulate the organization – the administrators of domain zones. This, for example, ICANN (the zone .COM, .NET, .ORG, .BIZ, .INFO), IANA (zone .US, .TV, .WS), the Coordination Center for TLD (.RU zone and .SU,. Code), etc.

Directly involved in domain name registration domain name registrars, which administrators to delegate the right domain registration, and who have access to a database of all domains (registry, registry) to change it.

Each domain zone, as a rule, there are several registrars: for example, today in the domain zone .RU about 25 registrars have domain zones .COM, .NET, .ORG, etc. – Countless registrars. Registrars maintain a database of registered domains, provide access to this database via the Whois and support root DNS-servers with the corresponding NS-records domains.

What can be done to speed up the process?
As you might have noticed, the main problem causing long waits health domain, caching is incorrect or outdated information about the domain. Naturally, the question arises – can anything be done to reduce the time domain inoperable?

When registering a new domain does not make sense to talk about any special measures have been: it is important not just impatient and voluntarily to wait at least an hour after ordering domain registration, and wait for the domain will be delegated to a “natural” way.

But when you transfer the domain makes sense to take a number of measures that will really help really reduce downtime domain.

You can try to contact the administrator of NS-servers to which is delegated domain, and ask him to change the TTL value for the zone records to the minimum. It must be done no later than the time specified in the current zone TTL NS-domain servers.

Before changing the list of NS-servers for the domain do not be lazy and use the nslookup utility to make sure that in the new NS-servers already available area of your domain and it contains the correct records (A, MX, etc.).
Verify the correctness of the zone for your domain in the new NS-servers, you can make changes in the list of NS-servers to which is delegated domain.

Many registrars offer is automatically perform an action, which is usually called the “testing area domain.” Its essence boils down to action, like the previous tip, but we would recommend to abstain from it, because there are cases when due to network problems (network connectivity problems) is an automatic test fails, even when correctly configured zone. As long as you decide what’s the problem – you’re wasting your time.

NS-changing list of servers for your domain, please refrain from accessing it at least for a time not less than the current value of the TTL for the zone in its previous NS-servers. Remember that the response containing outdated information on your domain cached on the DNS server of your provider – is the main culprit of “unavailability” of your domain, and help with minimizing the negative impact of caching you can only administrator DNS-server of your ISP. If the transfer process you will need to perform actions with the site at the new place of accommodation, ask your new hosting prvaydera, if they have any official domain names to access the site (eg, technical aliases).
Solving the problem of local caching, unlike caching DNS-server provider, you can speed up, clearing the cache resolver force – the good, you can do it yourself. For example, a family of operating systems MS Windows resolver cache is cleared using the console command:

ipconfig / flushdns

Universal means of cleaning the local DNS cache is to restart the computer.

We hope you have found clarity in all matters relating to transactions with domains, and given us tips will help you minimize the downtime of your sites and mail.

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